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Sara Akrami and Saeed Ghasseminejad

Iran vs. Democracy and Human Rights

Democratic governments function as role models for authoritarian regimes and provide freedom and dignity in different aspects of life for those citizens living under authoritarian states. As long as the priority of democratic governments is the establishment of freedom and democracy rather than financial gain, then the roots of authoritarianism will gradually dissolve throughout the world, and equality and justice will replace authoritarianism. Democratic governments can help oppressed people achieve their goals for democracy by pressuring the authoritarian governments in the international arena, by supporting democratic elections and referendums, and by offering financial and political help to opposition groups and social movements who work for regime change against these governments.One of the most significant examples of authoritarian governance is in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Despite its inhumane and terrorist nature, it has remained in power for 32 years.  The wrong policies of western countries, including the United States of America, especially under the Obama administration, have helped the Government of Iran remain in power and continue to not only violate the process of peacemaking in the Middle East but to also endanger the safety of the entire world.Although it is true that Iran does hold elections, generally these elections are not free.  While elections are one of the key indicators of democracies, democratic states should promote them in Iran where free and democratic elections are restricted.  In this way, Iranian citizens with different political ideologies would be able to express their ideas through their votes and representatives. Although the danger of fraud exists during elections in Iran, democratic governments can prevent this by sending international organizations to supervise the elections.  If democratic governments are vigilant about the promotion of democracy in Iran, then the eventual outcome will be greater rights and freedoms.  After the 2009 election in Iran, when thousands of dissidents… Read More

Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps: The base of Iranian regime’s protection

When the Islamic Republic of Iran was established in 1979, its leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, formed a notorious organization called the “Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps.” Aside from its securing its major goal, the protection of the Islamic system of Iran, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps works to prevent any uprisings or internal dissent. It has also been linked to terrorist activities around the world and supports terrorist organizations. In recent years, especially under the government of the inhumane and Holocaust denying President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the IRGC has taken over many aspects of Iranian society; it has influence in the political, social, military, and especially economic systems. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps has turned into a business empire in Iran and is known as one of the wealthiest organizations after the National Iranian Oil Company. At the beginning, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps functioned more like an intelligence service and militia organizer. It also played a decisive role in defeating the first president of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Bani Sadr, in 1981. During the Iran-Iraq War, the IRGC received a lot of support, including vast sums of money and supplies, from the regime’s clerics. During these years, Rafsanjani (the former President of the regime), who was appointed Commander of War by Khomeini, had close ties with the IRGC. It was after Khomeini’s death that the IRGC became increasingly involved in Iran’s politics, and to an ever-greater degree, economy. When Rafsanjani’s presidency ended and Khatami, a former President of the regime who had promised reforms, came to power, the IRGC became one of the main players in economy. One of the most significant actions of the IRGC was to bring an unknown political figure, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to power, and elect him as the President of Iran; before becoming President, Ahmadinejad was the… Read More